Last updated: February 20. 2013 4:53AM - 302 Views

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OLYMPIA, Wash. — In Washington state, dairymen, freshmen and even penmanship could soon be things of the past.


Over the past six years, state officials have engaged in the onerous task of changing the language used in the state's copious laws, including thousands of words and phrases, many written more than a century ago when the idea of women working on police forces or on fishing boats wasn't a consideration.


That process is slated to draw to a close this year. So while the state has already welcomed firefighters, clergy and police officers into its lexicon, ombuds (in place of ombudsman) and security guards (previously watchmen,) appear to be next, along with dairy farmers, first-year students and handwriting.


Some people would say ‘Oh, it's not a big thing, do you really have to go through the process of changing the language,' said Seattle Councilmember Sally Clark who was one of the catalysts for the change. But language matters. It's how we signal a level of respect for each other.


About half of all U.S. states have moved toward such gender-neutral language at varying levels, from drafting bills to changing state constitutions, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. Florida and Minnesota have already completely revised their laws as Washington state is doing.


The final installment of Washington state's bill already has sailed through the Senate Commerce and Labor Committee with unanimous approval. The nearly 500-page bill has one more committee stop scheduled before full Senate debate.


Crispin Thurlow, a sociolinguist and associate professor of language and communication at the University of Washington-Bothell, said the project was admirable.


He said that as language evolves, such efforts are more than symbolic.


Changing words can change what we think about the world around us, he said. These tiny moments accrue and become big movements.


Clark and former councilmember Jan Drago — the Seattle City Council has long eschewed the terms councilwoman or councilman — brought the issue to Sen. Jeannie Kohl-Welles in 2006 after they came across references to firemen and policemen in the mayor's proposed budget, as well as in state law dealing with local-government pensions.


Clark and Drago's findings sparked the initial gender-neutral language law that was passed in 2007, immediately changing those terms and directing the state code reviser's office to do a full revision of the rest of the code. A 1983 Washington state law had already required all new statutes to be written in gender-neutral terms, so state officials were tasked with going through the rest of state statutes dating back to 1854 to revise the rest.


As in past bills on the issue that have tackled sections of the state code, some revisions were as simple as adding or her after his. Others required a little more scrutiny. Phrases like man's past changes to humankind's past and a prudent man or woman is simply a prudent person.


Republican state Rep. Shelly Short, of Addy, has voted against earlier gender-neutral language bills and said she plans to do the same this year.


I don't see the need to do gender neutrality, she said, adding that her constituents want her to focus on jobs and the economy. We're women and we're men.


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